Famous buildings in Belgrade
Belgrade, in addition to fantastic events and attractions that offers daily to tourists from around the world, in particular can boast with a large number of buildings.Some of them are old for several centuries, witnesses of turbulent historical events, but nevertheless managed to resist the spirit of the times.Today, they represent a real treasure of Europe.
Presentation of the history of Belgrade always starts with famous fortress, Kalemegdan, on the dominant bank of the Sava and Danube rivers.The location for the construction of the village was chosen by our ancestors in the late Neolithic period, and then the Celts who created the Singidunum also built there. The Romans in the area built a castrum – a military fort.Turkish name Kalemegdan literally means field of fortress (city), and it marked the space between the upper forts and towns that appeared outside the walls.
The upper part is separated from the lower part of the city (it spread to the banks of the Sava and Danube) with the defensive wall.Kalemegdan Fortress was protected by double trenches and triple walls.In town, bordered by a moat at the time of the Austrian authorities in the first half of the eighteenth century, people entered through Second Stambol Gate Smederevo Gate, Vidin, and Sava Gate.
In the upper part of today’s Kalemegdan there was Turkish City administration while in the lower part was the administration of the Turkish army.From that period are preserved at Kalemegdan historical monuments of numerous invaders – Roman well, Clock Tower, Dizdar Gate, Gate of Emperor Charles VI, Nebojsa Tower,Leopold Gate, Mausoleum of Damad Ali Pasha, the First and Second Stambol Gate and Vidin Gate.From the fifteenth century remained the Church of St. Petka, the Orthodox Christians mark of the Serbian people; near is the Church Ruzica from the same period which the Turks destroyed after the conquest of Belgrade in the 1521.
The oldest house in Belgrade
One of the oldest houses in Belgrade, but also in Serbia, started to be built at the beginning of the 18th century, i.e. in the 1724.The construction took 3 years, so it was concluded in 1727. At this point in Belgrade ruled the Austrian administration and the house was built in the Baroque style.The one of the architects of this building was Swiss builder, Nikola Doksat.The building is protected by the state and is located on Dorcol, in the Emperor Dusan Street, in the city center.
National library of Serbia
National Library of Serbia was founded in 1832, thanks to Jevrem T. Obrenovic, a votary of literacy and enlightenment.Creating the Library began in a modest bookstore of Grigori Vozarovic, in the house next to Hecim-Tomina’s tavern, known today as “At the question mark” or only “?” where they were, with Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic, gathered most significant personalities of the time.National library has disposed with the fund of about 300,000 books, 1,390 manuscripts, charters and other documents – more than a hundred on parchment from the XII, XIII, XIV century and later.The library had collections of Turkish manuscripts, more than 200 old books printed from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, old maps, engravings, paintings, newspapers…
Building which no tourist can “miss” during a visit to Belgrade.It rises in the city center between Terazije and Knez Mihailova Street.It was built in 1939 and the construction of this monumental building lasted all year.It is named after the eponymous café which was located on the site of today’s palace and was built around 1860.The café was destroyed on 17 October 1936 and two years later town’s representatives announced a competition for the construction of skyscrapers in this city.Demolition of the café that was a favorite place of many Belgrade’s citizens despite its poor conditions and rundown appearance sparked outrage of many, however, the start of construction skyscraper sparked disbelief and suspicion.The palace was a miracle unheard of at that time.
Little is known that one of the first Buddhist temples in Europe, the so-called Kalmyk home, was located just in Belgrade, between 1929 and 1940.The turmoil in the world in the first half of the twentieth century led to the displacement and relocation of entire ethnic groups.Thus, between 1920 and 1944 in Belgrade was found a large number of Kalmyk’s.Kalmyk’s are, otherwise, west- Mongolian people who mainly live in Kalmyk in Russia, on the shore of the Caspian Sea. The first Kalmyk’s refugees arrived in Serbia in early April 1920, and by the end of 1923, there were between 450 and 500 people of this ethnicity. Most of them were settled in Belgrade, or in the suburban village of Mali Mokri Lug.In the beginning, they provoked a general curiosity, and Belgrade citizens have called them Chinese.