There are 39 artistic, cultural, historical, memorial, technical and natural-history museums located in Belgrade whose interesting settings, rich treasury and a large number of representative objects speak about different periods of the history of Serbia.Cultural and scientific treasures that are kept in the Belgrade Museum are significant testimonies of how the city was emerging, in different times and in different circumstances and how city developed.
The roots of creation of museums in Belgrade are in the establishment of the National Museum, by decree of the Minister of Education, Jovan Sterija Popovic, in the 1844.It was the first time that was realized the idea of collecting, preserving and presenting of the museum collections, with which will be illustrated history of the Serbian people.From this fund were later established all major Belgrade museums.
By the decree of the Minister of Education Jovan Sterija Popovic, 10 May 1844, was established the Muzeum Serbski, who was supposed to gather antiquities and to preserve them for posterity. It was part of the Library of the Ministry of Education, initially it did not have his own premises, and objects were stored in the vaults and cabinets of the Ministry. Very quickly, Muzeum became much more than storage that keeps “from forgetting”.
It became the main representative of culture, research center and exhibit space.Just four years after its foundation, the first inventory of the museum was made, and it contained a total of 79 sequential numbers (money, charters and diplomas, manuscripts and printed books, old stamps, pots, statues).The first museum exhibition was organized in 1864; a young museum has already survived its first evacuation (1862) because of Turkish attacks.During World War II, the museum was at all times open to visitors, and in 1944 changed its name to Art Museum.Name National Museum was restored in 1952 when it officially opened to the public in a new building in the main city square, the Republic Square.This building was erected in 1903 to be part of the Funds of the administrations; it was designed by architects Andra Stevanovic and Nikola Nestorovic.Today’s atrium and part of the building were added in 1930.In the bombardments during the Second World War the building was severely damaged.Today is only partially open to visitors, but it certainly is one of the giants of Serbian and European culture.
Historical Museum of Serbia
This is another museum of great importance for the history of Serbia, but also for to European cultural heritage.It is located in the city center, near the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia, i.e.at Nikola Pasic Square.Everyone who comes in Belgrade becomes amazed with this institution and exhibits that are kept inside.Founded in 1963, Museum today boasts a collection of over 35 000 items.Certainly, this museum with its exhibits traces the development of the Serbian nation and state, but also the history of the surrounding nations.Over time, the collections of this museum were presented in almost all major cities of the world, from Berlin and Paris, to Washington and Sydney.
Museum of Contemporary Art
What is important to point out when the Museum of Contemporary Art is concerned, is the fact that it stored all art from this region in the last 100 years. Museum of Contemporary Art in Belgrade began operating in 1961, four years before the MOCA itself opened at Usce (part of Belgrade where rivers Danube and Sava confluence). It was called the Museum of Modern Art. It was the first Belgrade gallery which had a continuous program and a clear defined concept. Exhibition practice of his art Salon has always been oriented towards younger artists and the most current artistic tendencies, as well as the presentation of important international artists. It is placed in the center of town, in the Paris Street.
The Ethnographic Museum is located at Student Park, therefore in the strict center of Belgrade. And it is likely the oldest museum not only in Serbia but in region. It began with its operation in the 1901. Of course, collecting of exhibits started as early as the mid-19th century. Before Belgrade premiere, collected exhibits were presented in Moscow, during the sixties of the 19th century. What is important to point out to visitors in Belgrade is the fact that ethnographic museum has 8 permanent exhibitions that are daily available to all who want to visit this place.